Chickasaw Plum (Prunus augustifolia L.)

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The Chickasaw Plum tree is a deciduous shrub or small tree which naturally occurs in thickets, pastures, fields, and along hedgerows and river banks. It is an easily-grown, low-maintenance tree or shrub that tends to sprout from the base of the trunk, forming multi-stemmed thickets.

This is the form most commonly seen in its native habitat on old fields and on other disturbed sites. It makes a nice addition to a border in the backyard and is well suited for planting around a patio or deck although it does not form a neat crown of its own accord and looks a little unkempt during the winter. The crown tends to lean to one side or the other. Occasional pruning can significantly improve the form of the tree.

Beautiful, fragrant 5-petaled white flowers appear along the stems in March before the leaves which are toothed, narrow, bright green, and 1-3″ long. The branches and twigs are attractive reddish-brown and sometimes thorny.

Chickasaw Plum
Chickasaw Plum

Zones: 5 – 9 Mature Height/Spread: 15-25 feet
Mature Form: Rounded clump (if well pruned)
Growth Rate: Rapid
Sun Exposure: Full – Partial Sun
Soil Moisture: Drought tolerant
Soil Type: Widely adaptable – it tolerates sandy or clay soil but does poorly in alkaline pH.
Flower Color: White and Pink
Fall Color: Yellow

Fruit Color: Yellow to Red
Fruit Length: 0.5 to 1 inch
Fruit: attracts birds; mammals; no significant litter problem
Propagation: seeds Invasive potential: seeds themselves into the landscape
Pest resistance: long-term health not usually affected by pests

The edible fruit is small, cherry-like, red to yellow plums which ripen in early to mid-summer. Although they may be eaten raw, they are tart and are therefore more often used in preserves and jellies. Native Americans regularly consumed the fruit fresh or dried it for winter. The ripe fruit is eaten by deer, bear, fox, and raccoon.

Origin

The Chickasaw plum (Prunus augustifolia) is a small tree or large shrub that is native to the southeastern United States. It is named for the Chickasaw people, who were one of the tribes that inhabited the area where the tree is found.

The Chickasaw plum has been used for centuries as a food source by Native Americans. The fruit is high in vitamins and minerals, and can be eaten fresh or made into jams and jellies. Chickasaw plums were also used medicinally, as the bark and leaves contain compounds that can be used to treat various ailments.

Consumption

The Chickasaw plum is a good source of vitamins and minerals, and can be eaten fresh or made into jams and jellies. The fruit can also be dried and stored for later use.

Chickasaw plums were used medicinally by Native Americans, and the bark and leaves of the tree contain compounds that can be used to treat various ailments.

Cultivation

The Chickasaw plum is a hardy tree that can tolerate a wide range of growing conditions. It is often grown as an ornamental plant, and it can be used in landscapes as a hedge or barrier.

Harvesting

The Chickasaw plum ripens in late summer or early fall. The fruit can be harvested by hand, and it is best to wait until the plum is fully ripe before picking it.

Pests and Diseases

The Chickasaw plum is resistant to many pests and diseases. However, it can be susceptible to scale insects and powdery mildew.

Nutritional value 

1 cup (140 grams) of Chickasaw plum contains the following:

– Calories: 60

– Fat: 0.4 grams

– Carbohydrates: 14 grams

– Fiber: 2 grams

– Protein: 1 gram

– Vitamin C: 24 mg

– potassium: 190 mg

Health benefits

The Chickasaw plum is a good source of vitamins and minerals, and it also contains compounds that can be beneficial to your health.

The Chickasaw plum is an excellent source of vitamin C. Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin that is necessary for the formation of collagen in the body.

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