Cherry of the Rio Grande (Eugenia aggregata L.)

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This Cherry Tree (Eugenia aggregata)  grows as a narrow evergreen shrub, 10-20 ft high.
It flowers in the spring and summer. Flowers are followed in three weeks by 1-2″ oblong, dark-red/purple fruits that are sweet, have a thin skin, and a single seed.

Cherry of the Rio Grande tolerates a wide range of soils but can show signs of mineral deficiency in calcareous/basic soils, preferring those with a pH in the range of 5.5-6.8. New plants should be lightly fertilized with a magnesium-containing fertilizer that has a 1-1-1 ratio.

Fruit size and quality are largely a function of proper nutrition and irrigation. Mature plants should be fertilized with an 8-3-9 with 5% MgO. Mineral deficiencies can be corrected with foliar sprays. Cherry of the Rio Grande is cold hardy to 20 degrees. Plant in full sun or part shade. It can be container grown. The plant can survive droughts well but will fruit poorly during them. Seedlings often take five years to fruit. The fruit is eaten fresh or made into a jelly or jam.

Origin

The Cherry of the Rio Grande is native to Mexico, Central America, and South America. It was introduced to the United States in the early 1900s.

Consumption

The Cherry of the Rio Grande is a popular fruit in Latin America. It is often used in juices, jams, and pies.

Cultivation

The Cherry of the Rio Grande is grown in tropical and subtropical climates. It prefers full sun and well-drained soil.

Harvesting

The Cherry of the Rio Grande is typically harvested from December to February.

Pests and Diseases

The Cherry of the Rio Grande is susceptible to pests and diseases, such as fruit flies, root-knot nematodes, and powdery mildew.

Nutritional value 

The Cherry of the Rio Grande is a good source of vitamins A and C. It also contains fiber and minerals such as potassium and magnesium.

Health benefits

The Cherry of the Rio Grande has many health benefits. It can help improve digestion, lower cholesterol levels, and prevent cancer.

Side Effects

The Cherry of the Rio Grande is safe to eat in moderation. However, eating too much of this fruit can cause diarrhea and vomiting.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

The Cherry of the Rio Grande is safe to eat during pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, it is important to eat this fruit in moderation.

 

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