Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.)

Category:

spot_img

Origin

Cabbage (family Brassica oleracea) is a leafy green or white vegetable, grown as an annual plant. Cabbage is descended from a wild cabbage, which was native to Europe and the Mediterranean. It is a member of the mustard/cabbage family, cruciferous vegetables.

Cabbage was first domesticated around 6000 BC in Europe. By the 16th century, cabbage had become a common vegetable in much of Europe. It was introduced to the Americas by European colonists in the 17th century. Cabbage is a leafy green or white vegetable, grown as an annual plant. Cabbage is descended from a wild cabbage, which was native to Europe and the Mediterranean. It is a member of the mustard/cabbage family, cruciferous vegetables.

Cabbage
Cabbage

Consumption

Cabbage consumption is widespread. It is used in salads, as a side dish, or as an ingredient in a number of dishes such as soups, stews, and casseroles.

Cabbage is low in calories but high in vitamins and minerals. It is an excellent source of vitamin C and dietary fiber.

Cabbage can be stored for several months in a cool, dry place.

Cabbage is a leafy green or white vegetable, grown as an annual plant. Cabbage is descended from a wild cabbage, which was native to Europe and the Mediterranean. It is a member of the mustard/cabbage family, cruciferous vegetables.

Nutritional value

Cabbage nutrition value is low in calories but high in vitamins and minerals. It is an excellent source of vitamin C and dietary fiber.

Varieties

Different types of cabbage include: green cabbage, red cabbage, Savoy cabbage, and Napa cabbage.

Green cabbage is the most common type of cabbage. It has dark green leaves and a mild flavor.

Red cabbage is similar to green cabbage but has reddish-purple leaves. It has a slightly sweeter flavor than green cabbage.

Savoy cabbage is a type of cabbage with crinkly, dark green leaves. It has a mild flavor.

Napa cabbage is a type of Chinese cabbage. It has long, light green leaves and a mild, sweet flavor.

Cabbage
Cabbage

Location

The best place to plant cabbage is in an area that gets full sun and has well-drained soil.

Cabbage can be grown in many parts of the world. It is a cool-weather crop and does not do well in hot weather.

Cabbage is grown in Europe, North America, and Asia.

In the United States, cabbage is grown in California, Florida, Georgia, and Arizona.

In Canada, cabbage is grown in British Columbia and Ontario.

Soil and substrates

Cabbage can be grown in many types of soil but prefers rich, well-drained soil.

The ideal pH for cabbage is 6.0 to 7.0.

Cabbage needs a consistent supply of moisture. Too much or too little water can cause the plant to bolt (flower and produce seed prematurely).

Cabbage is a heavy feeder and benefits from regular applications of fertilizer.

Compost or manure can be worked into the soil before planting. A side dressing of fertilizer can be applied when the plants are about 6 inches tall.

Nutrient requirements

Cabbage requires a high amount of nitrogen. A side dressing of fertilizer can be applied when the plants are about 6 inches tall.

Sowing

Cabbage can be started from seed or transplants.

Seeds can be sown indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost date. Transplants can be planted out 2 to 3 weeks before the last frost date.

Plant care

Cabbage needs a consistent supply of moisture. Too much or too little water can cause the plant to bolt (flower and produce seed prematurely).

Cabbage should be fertilized every 4 to 6 weeks. A side dressing of fertilizer can be applied when the plants are about 6 inches tall.

Pests and diseases

Pests that attack cabbage include: aphids, caterpillars, and slugs.

Diseases that affect cabbage include: black rot, white mold, and clubroot.

Yield

One cabbage plant will produce 1 to 2 heads of cabbage.

Harvesting

Cabbage is ready to harvest when the heads are firm and dense.

The best time to harvest cabbage is in the morning, after the dew has dried.

Cabbage can be stored in a cool, dry place.

Read More

Related Articles