Brussels Sprouts (Brassica oleracea L.)




Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea) are thought to have originated in ancient Rome, although their exact origins are unknown. The first recorded mention of Brussels sprouts was in the late 1600s, when they were grown in the gardens of the Spanish Netherlands (now Belgium).


While Brussels sprouts have a reputation for being disliked, they are actually quite versatile and can be cooked in many different ways. When prepared properly, they can be quite tasty!

There are many ways to enjoy Brussels sprouts. They can be roasted, steamed, or even eaten raw. When choosing Brussels sprouts at the grocery store, look for ones that are small, firm, and green. Avoid any that are yellow or have brown spots.

Brussels Sprouts
Brussels Sprouts

Nutritional value 

Brussels sprouts are a good source of vitamins A and C, as well as fiber and protein. They also contain antioxidants, which can help protect against cell damage.


There are many different varieties of Brussels sprouts, but the most common ones are:

-Green sprouts: These are the most common type of Brussels sprout. They are small and round, with a slightly bitter taste.

-Red sprouts: These are less common than green sprouts, but they are slightly sweeter in taste.

-Savoy sprouts: These have a wrinkled appearance and a more delicate flavor.

No matter which type of Brussels sprout you choose, they are all a nutritious addition to your diet!


Best place to grow brussels sprouts is in a location that gets full sun and has well-drained soil. Avoid planting them in the same spot where other cruciferous vegetables have been grown recently, as this can lead to disease problems.

Brussels sprouts are grown in many different parts of the world, including the United States, Canada, Europe, and Asia.

Soil and substrates 

Brussels sprouts prefer a soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0. They can be grown in a variety of soils, but sandy loams are best. The soil should be well-drained and high in organic matter.

If you are growing Brussels sprouts in containers, use a high-quality potting mix.


Brussels sprouts are heavy feeders and need a lot of fertilizer to produce a good crop. Apply a complete fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, before planting. Side dress with additional fertilizer every 6 to 8 weeks during the growing season.


Brussels sprouts need 1 to 2 inches of water per week, either from rainfall or from irrigation. Water at the base of the plant, being careful not to wet the leaves, as this can lead to disease problems.

Brussels Sprouts
Brussels Sprouts

Nutrient requirements 

Brussels sprouts need high levels of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. A soil test can help you determine the nutrient levels in your soil and how much fertilizer you will need to add.


Brussels sprouts are typically started from seed. They can be planted directly in the garden or started indoors and then transplanted outside.

If you are planting Brussels sprouts from seed, sow them in a well-drained pots filled with a high-quality potting mix. Sow the seeds 1/2 inch deep and keep the soil moist.

It takes about 2 weeks for the seeds to germinate. Once they have sprouted, thin the seedlings so that there is one plant per pot.

Transplant the seedlings outdoors when they are 4 to 6 inches tall. Choose a location that gets full sun and has well-drained soil.

Plant care 

Brussels sprouts are relatively easy to care for, but there are a few things you should do to ensure a good crop.


Keep the area around your Brussels sprouts weed-free. Weeds can compete with the plants for nutrients and water.


Cabbage loopers, aphids, and flea beetles are all common pests of Brussels sprouts. Watch for these pests and take action if necessary.


Brussels sprouts can be affected by several diseases, including black rot, white rust, and downy mildew. These diseases can be controlled with the use of fungicides.


Each Brussels sprout plant will produce about 2 pounds of sprouts.


Brussels sprouts are typically ready to harvest about 85 days after transplanting.

To harvest, cut the sprouts from the plant with a sharp knife. Be sure to leave at least 2 inches of stem on each sprout.

Brussels sprouts can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks.

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