Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea L.)

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Arrowroot is a small, attractive, shade-loving plant that produces an edible tuber. The white, bract-covered tubers grow as long as a medium-size sweet potato but are much more narrow. Dig up the tubers in the winter when the plant has gone dormant. Store them in a cool dry place until use. Plant some of them in the spring to provide for next year’s crop. Rodents may eat tubers left in the ground.

This is the plant used to make the expensive powder you can get at the store for use as a thickening agent in cooking. You don’t have to extract the starch to enjoy this root vegetable. Simply peel the bracts off, cut them up and cook them in soups and stews. They can also be candied.

Origin

Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea) is a perennial plant native to the Caribbean and South America. The root has been used as a food source for centuries by indigenous peoples. The name “arrowroot” is derived from the fact that it was often used to treat wounds caused by arrows.

Consumption

The most common way to consume arrowroot is by cooking it and then grinding it into a powder. This powder can be used to make a variety of dishes, including soups, stews, and sauces. It can also be used as a thickening agent for baking.

Arrowroot powder can be used to make a variety of dishes, including soups, stews, and sauces. The powder can also be used topically to treat wounds and burns.

Medicinal Uses

Arrowroot has a variety of medicinal uses. It has been shown to be effective in treating diarrhea, indigestion, and stomach cramps. Additionally, it can be used as a topical treatment for wounds and burns.

Nutritional value 

Arrowroot is a good source of dietary fiber and essential vitamins and minerals. It is also low in calories and fat.

Best place to grow Arrowroot

Arrowroot grows best in humid, tropical climates. It can be found in the Caribbean and South America.

Soil

Arrowroot thrives in loose, sandy soil that is well-drained.

Fertilizer

Arrowroot does not require much fertilizer. A small amount of compost or manure added to the soil is sufficient.

Water

Arrowroot requires moderate amounts of water. The plant should be watered when the soil is dry to the touch.

Pests and Diseases

Arrowroot is resistant to most pests and diseases. However, it can be susceptible to root rot if the roots are allowed to sit in wet soil for extended periods of time.

Harvesting

Arrowroot can be harvested after the plant has been in the ground for about a year. The roots can be dug up and then washed and dried. Once dry, the roots can be ground into powder.

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