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Cherry of the Rio Grande (Eugenia aggregata)


This Cherry Tree (Eugenia aggregata)  grows as a narrow evergreen shrub, 10-20 ft high.
It flowers in the spring and summer. Flowers are followed in three weeks by 1-2" oblong, dark- red/purple fruits that are sweet, have a thin skin and a single seed.
Cherry of the Rio Grande tolerates a wide range of soils, but can show signs of mineral deficiency in calcareous/basic soils, preferring those with a pH in the range of 5.5-6.8.
New plants should be lightly fertilized with a magnesium containing fertilizer that has a 1-1-1 ratio.
Fruit size and quality is largely a function of proper nutrition and irrigation.
Mature plants should be fertilized with an 8-3-9 with 5% MgO. Mineral deficiencies can be corrected with foliar sprays.
Cherry of the Rio Grande is cold hardy to 20 degrees.
Plant in full sun or part shade. It can be container grown.
The plant can survive droughts well, but will fruit poorly during them. Seedlings often take five years to fruit.
The fruit is eaten fresh or made into a jelly or jam.
Cherry of the Rio Grande Cherry of the Rio Grande












More photos on Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/search?sort=relevance&text=Eugenia%20aggregata

pdf_Cherry of the Rio Grande Information Sheet (to print out)

6 comments to Cherry of the Rio Grande (Eugenia aggregata)

  • Sarah Jumel

    Would anyone care to swap some Eugenia Aggraveta for some other stuff? I’d like to have it, and it has become Eugenia Aggravating for me (I’ve tried raising it from seed various times, no go).
    thanks.
    drasaid@yahoo.com

  • We don’t have any Eugenia aggregata for sale/trade any more. The local crops are consistently lost to late frosts. We got seeds one year, but probably delayed planting too long and they never grew.

  • Kayla

    Do you still have Cherry of the Rio Grande? Does it grow well here, and is it sweet?

    I thought only Barbados Cherry MIGHT grow here in Gainesville. Plus it’s hard to find sweet Barbados Cherry cultivars. Most are described as tart. Florida Sweet is described as semi-sweet. Manoa Sweet is described as sweet, but it’s mostly grown in California. There’s only one Florida supplier, in North Palm Beach, so I don’t know if it would grow here.

  • Dennis J. McNamee

    Pine Island Nursery in Homestead carries the “Florida Sweet”. They have just about EVERY plant found in Central and South America as well as Asia.

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